In 1865 – in the wake of the Civil War – Iowa Supreme Court Justices George G. Wright and Chester Cole founded – in Des Moines – the first law school west of the Mississippi River, and the following year (1866), there were 12 graduates! Two years later (1868), the school became the State University of Iowa Department of Law, moved to Iowa City, and there, brought together 25 students, 3 faculty members and 1,100 volumes in the law library, all bunched into a handful of second floor rooms in Old Capitol.
In 1869 (see pic above), the school graduated 16 male students, but in 1870, the Iowa Legislature changed the state law on licensing lawyers, dropping the requirement of “white male,” thus opening the door for women and other minorities to be accepted for enrollment. In 1873, Mary Beth Hickey became SUI’s first woman graduate, and in 1879, Alexander Clark, Jr. was the first African-American graduate, with Moung Edwin – from Burma – being the first graduate from another country.
One of the students in that class of 1873, graduating with Mary Beth Hickey, was a young man who grew up on a farm near Tipton in Cedar County, Iowa. Born in Salem, Ohio on November 26, 1851, Emlin McClain came to Iowa in 1855 (age 4) with his parents, William & Rebecca McClain, and his older brother Byran, who was born in 1845.
Both of Emlin’s parents were born into Quaker households in Pennsylvania, and his Scotch-Irish father, William, was the principal and proprietor of Salem Institute in Ohio. According to family records (see below), after ten years of farming in Cedar County, the McClain’s moved into nearby Iowa City in 1865, and its here, William took control of the fledgling Iowa City Commercial College (1867), and several years later (1870), The Iowa City Academy, making McClain a very well-respected educator in both Iowa City and around the state of Iowa.
Read more about the influence of private schools like these in Iowa City.
So, it’s very explainable then, why – in 1866 – young Emlin McClain – at age 15 – entered the SUI Normal School, where five years later, in 1871, he graduated with a degree in philosophy, followed by a degree in the classics (liberal arts) in 1872, and finally, a degree in law in 1873!
During his college years, Emlin was a member of the Zetagathian literary society – meeting in South Hall – becoming one of its presidents. He was also a member of the Beta Theta Pi fraternity, and was asked to be one of the commencement speakers for both his collegiate and law classes.
Upon the completion of his SUI law degree (1873), Emlin moved to Des Moines – where he became a clerk in the law office of Gatch, Wright (George G.) & Runnells. Wright (above right), who helped form the SUI School of Law in 1865, had became a U.S. Senator in 1870, so Emlin was immediately asked to serve as Wright’s private secretary, clerking for a Senate committee in Washington D.C. during the two sessions of the Forty-fourth Congress – 1875-77.
Over the following four years, 1877-1881, McClain practiced law in Des Moines, and during that time, he wrote McClain’s Annotated Statutes of the State of Iowa – which was first published in 1880, immediately becoming the standard code for all lawyers across Iowa!
With all the fanfare surrounding his writings, McClain was invited to return to Iowa City in 1881 to serve as a Professor of Law, becoming the first graduate of SUI to come back as a professor! By 1887, Emlin was promoted to Vice Chancellor, and then, in 1890, became the Chancellor. Here is a brief timeline of his decade of leadership (1890-1901) – serving as the Chancellor of the SUI School of Law…
Here’s a rare CDV card from Werts Photgraphic Studio featuring the Class of 1894.
Interestingly enough, Chancellor McClain was nominated for the Iowa Supreme Court in March 1891 (above left), but failed to receive the political support necessary to secure the position. Nine years later, in March 1900 (above right), the honor came his way again, and this time, McClain won on the fourth ballet – with a lot of cheers and jeers along the way. Below is part of the story from the August 2, 1900 edition of The Des Moines Leader...
It was in the midst of this nomination process, the August 1st victory, and his first day serving on the Iowa Supreme Court – January 1, 1901 – that Emlin wrote his wife, Ellen, who was already in transition, moving the McClain family from Iowa City to Des Moines.
An interesting sidelight here – in Emlin’s 1900 letter, he mentions SUI President George E. MacLean. When MacLean was chosen as the new University president in 1899, the press – and many SUI students – had trouble distinguishing the two names: MacLean vs. McClain. In an editorial, The Des Moines Leader (below) suggested something be done to clear up the “buttercupped” confusion!
Emlin McClain served faithfully for nearly twelve years on the Iowa Supreme Court (January 1, 1901 to December 31, 1912) and was Chief Justice for two of those years. After his retirement from the Court, the McClains moved to California where Emlin was Professor of Law at Stanford University before returning to Iowa City in 1914 to, once again, serve as Dean of the SUI Law School.
Emlin married Ellen L. Griffiths (born 1855) on February 19, 1879, and together, they had three children – Donald (1880-1963), Henry Griffiths (1881-1965), and Gwendolyn (1894–1984). While in Iowa City, the McClain’s lived on Bloomington Street, housing Emlin’s mother, Rebecca, for fifteen years (1877-1891), after the death of her husband, William.
Judge Emlin McClain died, at age 64, in Iowa City on May 25, 1915 and Ellen passed on February 3, 1917, at age 61. Both are buried in Oakland Cemetery in Iowa City.
Quite the set of accomplishments, don’t you think, for a farm boy from Tipton, Iowa? Emlin & Ellen McClain – Godspeed!
Kudos to the amazing resources below for the many quotes, photographs, etc. used on this page.
Law School History and Milestones, University of Iowa School of Law website
George G. Wright (1855-1860), Iowa Judicial Branch, Iowa Courts website
Wm. M’Clain Portrait Hung, The Iowa City Daily Press, July 28, 1915, p 4
Postcard 258: The Iowa City Academy Experiment, Bob Hibbs, August 21, 2004
Rebecca Harris McClain, Find-A-Grave
McClain, Emlin photograph, The University of Chicago Photographic Archive
Emlin McClain, Source: “Progressive Men of Iowa”. Page 229, Cedar County, Iowa Biographies, IAGenWeb
Emlin McClain, Law Library, University of Iowa
McClain’s Annotated Statutes of the State of Iowa – Vol II, Emlin McClain, Callaghan & Company Chicago, 1884
Supreme Judgeship, The Iowa Citizen, May 22, 1891, p 10
McClain/MacLean, The Iowa State Press, July 1, 1899, p 5
For Supreme Judge, The Iowa State Press, March 3, 1900, p 4
The Supreme Court Nomination, The Des Moines Leader, August 1, 1900, p 4
M’Clain Is Named For Judge, The Des Moines Leader, August 2, 1900, p 1
Emlin M’Clain of Johnson, The Des Moines Leader, August 2, 1900, p 2
M’Clain Won In Fourth, The Des Moines Leader, August 2, 1900, p 3
Emlin McClain (1901-1912), Iowa Judicial Branch, Iowa Courts Website
1902 SUI Fraternity Photo, File:Hawkeye (1902) (14593232480).jpg, Wikimedia
The funeral of Mrs. R. H. McClain, 1891, Iowa City Academy, IAGenWeb – Johnson County, Iowa
Emlin McClain biographical sketch, The Iowa Supreme Court , The Annals of Iowa, Volume XXVI, Issue 2, October 1, 1944, p 154
Famous Iowa Jurist, Emlin M’Clain Dies, The Cedar Rapids Gazette, May 25, 1915, p 1
Ellen L. Griffiths McClain, Find-A-Grave
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