In 1841.

This map shows the eastern-most part of Iowa territory, along the Mississippi River, that first opened up to settlers on June 1, 1833. Yet records show that there were numerous settlers living throughout Eastern Iowa much earlier. And, though it was truly difficult to accomplish, some of these settlers did send and receive mail to friends and family back East.

In the earliest days of Iowa, receiving and sending mail was very difficult indeed. The first settlers legally started arriving in Iowa, settling along the Mississippi River, on June 1, 1833, after the Black Hawk War. Dubuque was settled that same year, and “officially” opened a post office at that point.

In 1841, with people streaming in from the East, more post offices were added to the growing list. While the records show that Iowa City as one of those new post offices added in 1841, there actually had been “postal service” in Johnson County much earlier.


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